The Angevin dynasty settled in Naples in 1266. This was possible thanks to the help of the papacy, eager to strengthen its power in the struggle between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. The Angevin moved the capital from Palermo to Naples and the construction of so many churches in Naples represented a symbolic alliance between the king and the Pope. The city of Naples became a huge construction site that attracted artists of all kinds from all over Europe.
With the arrival of Anjou in Naples, the Gothic style makes its entry into the city. The reign of Robert of Anjou was particularly marked by the flowering of art and culture.At the court of that king came thescholar Petrarch, the painters Pietro Cavallini, sinome Martini, Giotto, sculptors like Tino Camaino.